Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa)

Publisher: Oregon State University Extension Service in [Corvallis, Or.]

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 853
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  • Vetch -- Oregon.

Edition Notes

Other titlesVicia villosa.
StatementR. Sattell ... [et al.]
SeriesOregon cover crops, EM -- 8699., EM (Oregon State University. Extension Service) -- 8699.
ContributionsSattell, Robert., Oregon State University. Extension Service.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 sheet ([2] p.) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15563359M

The seeds of hairy vetch when eaten in quantity by cattle and horses cause nervous signs and death. The seeds of Vicia sativa have been reported to contain cyanide. Description An annual with stems feet in length, with hairy stems and leaves. The leaves have leaflets up to 1 inch in length which are narrow and lance-shaped. The seed of hairy vetch, Vicia villosa, Var. glabrescens Koch, was found to be less toxic than common vetch seed when fed to poults and chicks. Growth rate was depressed, however, livability was unaffected. Autoclaving of ground hairy vetch seed at 15 p.s.i. for eight hours significantly improved growth compared to unheated seed when fed to chicks. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) is an annual or biannual viny legume with a woolly appearance due to long soft hairs borne on the stems and leaves (FAO, ; Cook et al., ; Undersander et al., ).It remains green longer than the common vetch (Vicia sativa).It flowers and seeds late in the season and often survives the dry season, regenerating to almost full strength during the next. When combined with hairy vetch, the recommendation is for a seeding rate containing pounds per acre of hairy vetch with pounds per acre of cereal rye. For this discussion, we examine cereal rye at 60 pounds and a blend of 15 pounds of hairy vetch and 45 pounds of cereal rye.

Hairy Vetch and Woollypod Vetch. All hairy vetch varieties and the woollypod vetch failed to emerge by 28 DAP in and (Table 8). The slow emergence was likely due to low available moisture in the first 28 days after planting. The varieties exhibited some winter hardiness in with a mean winter hardiness of 57% ±. Publication Type: Book / Chapter Publication Acceptance Date: 2/28/ Results showed that hairy vetch residue that was allowed to decompose in the field or that was subjected to leaching was less suppressive of emergence and/or growth than was residue that was fresh. These results could be explained by the presence of aqueous soluble. Amanda, hairy vetch is an exotic species that will expand and create dense mats that can smother other plants. Better to plant natives, most of which are pollinator-friendly and/or hosts for butterflies. If you need help with gardening ideas for pollinators check out Wild Ones. What are Cover Crops? Cover crops often are called green manure crops. They are cereal grains, other grasses, legumes, or other forbs. They are grown to improve soil health, protect the soil from wind and water erosion, increase water infiltration, increase soil nitrogen from biological nitrogen fixation, scavenge residual N and other fertilizers following crop harvest, or as biofumigants.

Growing Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Garden Seeds. Latin Name: Vicia villosa Common Names: Winter Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Sand Vetch Hairy Vetch Hardiness Zones: Perennial to zones , Annual cover crop Days to Maturity: days (longer when left to germinate over winter) Hairy Vetch Seeding Rate: lb per sq. ft Seed Planting Depth: Broadcasting directly and lightly tamp into soil. Hairy vetch biomass in our study averaged only Mg ha-1 for the September planting and late termination, despite the high seeding rate. Vetches can produce more than 5 Mg ha-1 biomass in the maritime Northwest, but termination needs to be delayed until late May to reach that level.

Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Widely adapted and winter hardy through Hardiness Zone 4 and into Zone 3 (with snow cover), hairy vetch is a top N provider in temperate and subtropical regions. The cover grows slowly in fall, but root development continues over winter.

Growth quickens in spring, when hairy vetch becomes a sprawling vine up to 12 feet long. Hairy vetch is a hardy type of vetch suited to wetter soil and colder winters than other winter-active legumes.

Hairy vetch develops best under cool temperature conditions, on fertile loam soils; it is also productive on sandy or clay soils.

It has been. Hairy Vetch is the go-to crop when nitrogen Hairy vetch book is at the top of your list for goals to achieve. By having the capability to produce + lbs. of nitrogen, very few legumes can come close to the benefits hairy vetch can present.

It is important to remember that with all legumes, a good rule of thumb is that have of the nitrogen produced. Summary Hairy vetch is a hardy type of vetch suited to wetter soil and colder winters than other winter-active legumes. Hairy vetch develops best under cool temperature conditions on fertile loam soils; it is also productive on sandy or clay soils.

It has been reported to grow well on light soils that are too sandy for crimson clover. Hairy vetch is a branching, spreading annual that forms a dense ground cover.

Flowers in 4-inch-long racemes on long peduncles arising from leaf axils, with 10–30 flowers of Hairy vetch book pea type all turned to one side of stalk, in varying colors: rich lavender, purple, violet, or white.

Hairy Vetch. D.J. Undersander 1, N.J. Ehlke 2, A.R. Kaminski 1, J.D. Doll 1, K.A. Kelling 1. 1 Departments of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Cooperative Extension Service, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 2 Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota, St.

Paul, MN September, Hairy vetch is a winter annual legume that offers a number of potential benefits to row-crop or livestock producers when used as a winter cover crop.

Though a good stand of this winter annual legume alone can provide good cover, it also can make a good companion species to. Hairy vetch is a winter annual legume and one of the most productive at nitrogen fixation.

There are other types of vetch plants, but hairy vetch is most widely used in farming. It grows slowly in the fall, but its roots grow throughout the winter and by spring, hairy vetch quickly grows into twelve-foot long vines. The trial had begun with a September 1 planting of hairy vetch (an ideal, “normal” date for our region) in some plots, and would end Hairy vetch book a spring planting on Ma We increased the seeding rates for the dormant- and spring-seeded vetch, from the fall rate of 27 lbs/acre to lbs/acre.

No Reviews Write the First Review Hairy vetch is a widely adapted, winter hardy cool-season annual legume that supplies an abundant amount of palatable forage for deer and turkeys and other wildlife in late spring into early summer.

It also produces an excellent seed crop that attracts quail and turkey. Severe grazing or cutting for forage or to control weeds, during or just after flowering will normally kill off hairy vetch. Distinguishing characteristics.

Seed. Seed The seed is a rounded spherical shape and a dull black colour. It is smooth and mm in length. Seedling. Seedling. Hairy vetch, Vicia villosa, is the most winter hardy and drought tolerant of the vetches.

Used primarily as a winter cover crop, hairy vetch is sown through late summer and into fall. It grows slowly during autumn and continues root development through the winter months. Hairy Vetch Benefits. Hairy vetch absorbs nitrogen from the air as it grows. Nitrogen, a critical nutrient required for plant growth, is often depleted by repeated cultivation, poor soil management and use of synthetic fertilizers and herbicides.

When a hairy vetch cover crop is plowed into the soil, significant amounts of nitrogen are restored. Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa) is a short term legume commonly used for cover crops in home gardens, weed suppression, erosion control, ground cover, green manure, pasture, silage and hay.

When planted alone as a winter cover crop in annual vegetable rotations, it can provide as much as lbs. of nitrogen per acre to a following spring crop.

Hairy vetch has good cold tolerance and can be used as a winter cover crop in northern latitudes to protect the ground from ice and snow. It can also be grown in southern states, where it is used as a dual forage and cover crop.

Suresh and his team exit a selection nursery after collecting data on hairy vetch growing in Knox City, Texas. Hairy vetch is one of the most winter hardy legumes. Being more winter hardy than common vetch, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover.

This species is known to have a great rooting system, with a tap root that will extend 1 to 3 feet into the soil profile. This taproot will allow the vetch to thrive even in dry conditions. When hairy vetch is. Hairy vetch is an annual or biennial spreading herb with climbing stems growing up to 3 feet long.

The leaves have long, soft hairs with 10 to 20 leaflets borne opposite each other and tendrils at the end. The flowers, borne in a dense one-sided spike, are violet and white to rose colored.

Hairy vetch Climbing winter annual that grows feet tall. Has tendrils, purple flowers, taproot, many leaflets per leaf. Hairy vetch: Managing Cover Crops Profitably (SARE Handbook Series Book 9) by Andy Clark (, 3rd ed.). Hairy vetch, as a winter annual, will sprout in the fall, overwinter, regrow in spring, go to seed and die.

Barbara Damrosch Barbara Damrosch’s latest book is “The Four Season Farm. Hairy vetch prefers well-drained soils with a pH ofand will do poorly in clay or wet fields.

It will do well in soils too acidic for many clovers and alfalfas. May have some allelopathic properties, so it is best to allow weeks between incorporating and seeding of small-seeded crops. In what would otherwise be continuous cotton production, any winter annual cover crop added to the system can add rotation benefits, help maintain soil productivity, and provide the many other benefits of cover crops highlighted throughout this book.

Hairy vetch, crimson clover, or mixtures with rye or another small grain can reduce erosion. Hairy vetch makes an excellent addition to fall planted deer food plot mixtures.

Its spring forage production is very attractive to deer and turkeys and it makes an excellent seed crop for quail and turkey.

Description, planting rate, and information about Hairy Vetch. No-Till Farm and Garden Cover Crop Mix Seeds - 1 Lbs - Blend of Gardening Cover Crop Seeds: Hairy Vetch, Daikon Radish, Forage Collards, Triticale, More out of 5 stars $ $ Join Jerry Hall, Director of Research at GO Seed, as he shares the benefits of using Hairy Vetch as a cover crop.

Hairy vetch is a vining plant that can act as an cool season annual or a winter annual. It is regarded as one of the highest nitrogen fixing legumes. It is quite winter hardy and will overwinter. Hairy vetch is quite drought tolerant. It is slow to establish but when it does, it can create good soil armour.

Description. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is a trailing winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of leaves of hairy vetch are oblong, with pairs of leaves per leaflet. Tendrils form on the ends of the leaves. Purple flowers form in early to mid summer.

2 days ago  When hairy vetch, common vetch, crimson clover, and Austrian winter pea were planted in a mixture with cereal rye, spring oats, or winter wheat, the cereal rye/hairy vetch mixture had 30 to 45 percent less residual inorganic soil nitrogen than legume-only plots.

Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is often used as a forage legume or cover crop throughout many temperate areas of the world, including the United States.

It is a foot long annual plant with hairy stems and leaves (as the name implies), lance-shaped leaflets, and purple to red colored flowers that are lined up on one side of the stem. Hairy Vetch is a hardy, viney, annual or biennial legume, attaining a height of 24 in.

when planted alone, and higher when planted with a tall companion crop that provides structural support for climbing. In the first four years, the hairy vetch, oats and peas yielded roughly eight U.S. tons of silage per acre. And when cut in late summer for dry hay, the vetch averaged 4, lb.

per acre. Kayla planted this garden with hairy vetch on New Year’s Day. It took her about ten minutes to plant this space with a nice cover crop. Her ten minutes of planting will reap a lot of rewards in this garden.

Hairy vetch is a cover crop. Cover crops are designed to: improve soil fertility through nitrogen fixation (also called “green manure”). Hairy vetch, especially an oats/hairy vetch mix, decreased surface ponding and soil crusting in loam and sandy loam soils.

Researchers attribute this to dual cover crop benefits: their ability to enhance the stability of soil aggregates (particles), and to decrease the likelihood that the aggregates will disintegrate in water ().Hairy vetch that is cut before flowering can regrow.

In this trial, hairy vetch was cut early near the end of April and spread on the growing bed for no-till vegetable transplants. The biomass produced by the cover crop was sufficient enough to suppress almost all regrowth, but growers should be cognizant that regrowth can occur.